|Transboundary Stream Restoration in Israel and the Palestinian Authority|
By Dr. Alon Tal, Lior Asaf, Neta Negaoker, Jonathan Laronne and Nader al Khateeb
Within Israel and the West Bank and Gaza Strip (WBGS), there are 15 streams that cross the Palestinian/Israeli Green Line. All originate in watersheds located in the Palestinian Authority, or in lands that will eventually be outside Israeli jurisdiction, and then flow into Israel toward the Mediterranean Sea, flow east to the Dead Sea, or the Jordan River. These transboundary streams of Israel and Palestine are plagued by severe pollution, posing a serious health hazard to humans and devastating the natural ecosystems.
Several factors have contributed to the severity of pollution in these streams. For many years, most streams were transformed into sewage conduits collecting raw sewage or low-quality effluent all year round. The region’s climate is semi-arid and increasing demand for water has led to overpumping of the available groundwater, drying up of the headwaters of many streams. A range of pollutants, including nonpoint agricultural runoff, urban stormwater, and discharge from industrial sites also can be found in many streams.
In 1994, the Ministry of the Environment established the River Restoration Administration as a coordinating body for actions taken by various governmental and nongovernmental bodies to restore or at least rehabilitate damaged streams. Although stream restoration constitutes a paramount environmental priority for both parties, the lack of a clear and relevant model that identifies and quantifies the key parameters for stream restoration including water flow, nutrient concentrations, and other contaminant loadings from nonpoint and point sources on a catchment scale across the virtual borders has frustrated all previous restoration attempts. The ultimate aim of the current research is to lay the foundations for an effective river-restoration strategy for Israel and the Palestinian Authority. Using a “catchment scale chemical and biological monitoring network,” the total pollution loadings into two transboundary streams whose geographic boundaries cross over the Israeli/Palestinian Green Line (the Zomar/Alexander and Hebron/Besor/Gaza) are to be characterized. This will for the first time enable a more systematic and comprehensive assessment of intervention options, their affect on stream restoration, and relative cost-effectiveness.
Israeli Nature Poll
"You are not obliged to finish the task - neither are you free to neglect it."
- Pirkei Avot 2:21
Did You Know?
Israel has nearly as many plant and animal species as California.
Mideast Green News
Gaza headed for ‘environmental catastrophe’ – Al JazeeraWater crisis in the besieged Palestinian territory is putting Palestinian lives at risk, analysts say. Ylenia Gostoli Many...
Gemayel: Decentralized Trash Management Alternative for Landfills, Protests Will Continue – NaharnetKataeb party chief MP Sami Gemayel stressed on Thursday that establishing a landfill in Bourj Hammoud region will...
Shehayyeb Hopes ‘Forces of Obstruction’ Won’t Join Kataeb Protests, Warns of Return of Trash to Streets – NaharnetAgriculture Minister Akram Shehayyeb, who is in charge of overseeing the government’s emergency waste management plan, hoped Tuesday...
‘Ministry to survey garbage scavenging business’ – Jordan TimesBy Baha Abu Hasnah AMMAN — The Ministry of Social Development is conducting a nationwide study into the...
Report: Oil and Gas Exploration Back on Front Burner – NaharnetReport: Oil and Gas Exploration Back on Front Burner by Naharnet Lebanon’s stalled oil and gas exploration file...
|Home | Site Map | Social Media | Search | Privacy | Terms | Nondiscrimination | FAQ | Ethics | Links | Schwag | Contact | Donate|
Aytzim (Green Zionist Alliance, Inc.) is classified by the IRS as a tax-exempt nonprofit organization under Internal Revenue Code Section 501(c)(3).
|Aytzim.org is a carbon-neutral website hosted by DreamHost and is best viewed in Firefox.|
Aytzim™, Ecological Judaism™, Jewcology™, Shomrei Breishit™, Rabbis and Cantos for the Earth™, Green Zionist Alliance™, The Grassroots Campaign for a Sustainable Israel™, Green Zionism™, Green Israel™ and Green Israel Summit™ are trademarks of Aytzim.
Copyright © 2016 Aytzim and its respective contributors. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced in any form without written permission. No quotes may be used in any media without attribution Aytzim. The opinions expressed and those of the authors do not necessarily reflect the views or positions of Aytzim, its staff or lay leaders.